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Martinism + OTO etc

Subject: Re: Martinism + OTO etc
Date: Fri, 17 Feb 1995 01:16:36 -0500

93 Martin,

>clear up the relationship between 
>the Caliphate OTO, the OTOA, l'Ordre Martiniste, the Gnostic Church, and 
>the A+P Rite Memphis+Misraim? No two people I've asked about this have 
>given me remotely the same answers.

Pandora's box.

   Here's a very brief outline, less than a skeleton, more than a
can of worms:

There are at least two, probably three, surviving Martinist orders, one
connecting to Papus.  Papus had contacts real or imagined to earlier
Martinist orders.  AMORC received Martinism via the Papus line.  AMORC
got Memphis+Misraim via O.T.O.  O.T.O. got Memphis+Misraim via Yarker.
Martinism bred the Hermetic Brotherhood of Light, the Luxor variant
of which became O.T.O.  After Crowley became O.H.O. of O.T.O., there
was a threat of discontinuance of the AMORC M+M charter, so Lewis
went and got another one.  Papus joined O.T.O. under Reuss, bringing
the Gnostic Catholic Church into O.T.O., splicing in a Utrecht line
consecration later and adding that to the O.T.O.  Crowley called
the result Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica, while under Reuss, and continued
it after he became O.H.O. of O.T.O.  O.T.O.A. operated under Krum
Heller in South and Central America, but did not initiate anyone
into O.T.O. and did not continue under one head (several were appointed
by Krum Heller for different regions --- according to Parzival Krumm
Heller, son of the founder).  Krum Heller Sr. was chartered by Reuss
and had friendly relations with Crowley.  Krumm Heller operated O.T.O.A.
chiefly as a Gnostic Catholic Church and Rosicrucian order, favoring
AMORC for a time but later shifting to Clymer.  The O.T.O. continued
after Crowley under Karl Germer.  After Karl Germer, Grady McMurtry
became the head of O.T.O.  After McMurtry, the O.T.O. continues under
Frater Hymenaeus Beta (who prefers that his private name not be used
in this complex situation, as who can blame him ... :-) ).

There is a very large amount of additional information, but please
limit any questions you want me to answer on this theme to short
segments at a time.  These things are as cross-connected as a
wicker basket.  General views are hard to get without whiplash.

93 93/93
Bill Heidrick

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