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[t93] Gerald Gardner and Crowley

From: Bill Heidrick 
Subject: Re: [t93] Gerald Gardner and Crowley
Date: Sun, 27 May 2001 15:49:33 -0700


"Neo"  wrote:

>In the book, The Triumph of the Moon : A History of Modern Pagan 
>Witchcraft by Ronald Hutton, the author wrote that Gerald Gardner was 
>OHO of OTO in Europe. Is that true? 

No, and it's impossible by the nature of the office.  There's only one OHO.
 Gardner did tell Frieda Harris that he, Gardner, was probably head of OTO
in Europe.  That would be regional, a Xth degree at most, not OHO.  It's
understandable that Hutton might have confused the titles.  Germer
apparently didn't see it Gardner's way, and so the issue was dropped.
Gardner was in the USA at the time and continued friendly with Germer.

>"The latterīs friend Frieda Harris the wrote to Karl Germer, leader 
>of OTO in America, that it was supposed in England that Gradner would 
>now be the head of the order in Europa. Germer received a letter from 
>Gardner in January 1948, sayng that he was sailing for England from 
>NY on 19 march and could meet Germer there before he departed. In 
>this letter to Symonds, Gardner claimed that the meeting had taken 
>place, and Germer had indeed recognized him as European leader of the 

Right, as to the documents.  If the meeting took place, there's no record
known to me about such a recognition.  Germer did take actions in Europe,
in regard to OTO, but those actions didn't mention Gardner.  Noel
Fitzgerald, F.Mellenger and of course Metzger were asked to do various
things.  Grant had Germers attention to the mid 1950's.  Nothing special
through Gardner as far as I know.

>" He (Crowley) died while Gardner was in America, and many people 
>there regarded Gerald himself as the obvious new leader for the order 
>(OTO); but he did not want the job"....

I don't know of OTO membership general knowledge of Gardner's presence in
the USA at the time.  Not mentioned in correspondence or minutes of Agape
Lodge members.  I think that part would have to be considered exaggerated.
As to Gardner's not wanting the job, that makes sense to me.  Gardner was
fairly intelligent.  :-)

93 93/93

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