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Samyutta Nikaya XII.2

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Subject: Samyutta Nikaya XII.2
                   Paticca-samuppada-vibhanga Sutta
                   Analysis of Dependent Co-arising
            For free distribution only, as a gift of Dhamma
   Dwelling at Savatthi... "Monks, I will describe & analyze
   dependent co-arising for you.
   "And what is dependent co-arising?
   From ignorance as a requisite condition come fabrications.
   From fabrications as a requisite condition comes consciousness.
   From consciousness as a requisite condition comes name-&-form.
   From name-&-form as a requisite condition come the six sense
   From the six sense media as a requisite condition comes contact.
   From contact as a requisite condition comes feeling.
   From feeling as a requisite condition comes craving.
   From craving as a requisite condition comes clinging/sustenance.
   From clinging/sustenance as a requisite condition comes becoming.
   From becoming as a requisite condition comes birth.
   From birth as a requisite condition, then aging & death, sorrow,
   lamentation, pain, distress, & despair come into play. Such is
   the origination of this entire mass of stress & suffering.
   "Now what is aging and death? Whatever aging, decrepitude,
   brokenness, graying, wrinkling, decline of life-force, weakening
   of the faculties of the various beings in this or that group of
   beings, that is called aging. Whatever deceasing, passing away,
   breaking up, disappearance, dying, death, completion of time,
   break up of the aggregates, casting off of the body, interruption
   in the life faculty of the various beings in this or that group
   of beings, that is called death.
   "And what is birth? Whatever birth, taking birth, descent,
   coming-to-be, coming-forth, appearance of aggregates, &
   acquisition of [sense] media of the various beings in this or
   that group of beings, that is called birth.
   "And what is becoming? These three are becomings: sensual
   becoming, form becoming, & formless becoming. This is called
   "And what is clinging/sustenance? These four are clingings:
   sensuality clinging, view clinging, precept & practice clinging,
   and doctrine of self clinging. This is called clinging.
   "And what is craving? These six are classes of craving: craving
   for forms, craving for sounds, craving for smells, craving for
   tastes, craving for tactile sensations, craving for ideas. This
   is called craving.
   "And what is feeling? These six are classes of feeling: feeling
   born from eye-contact, feeling born from ear-contact, feeling
   born from nose-contact, feeling born from tongue-contact, feeling
   born from body-contact, feeling born from intellect-contact. This
   is called feeling.
   "And what is contact? These six are classes of contact:
   eye-contact, ear-contact, nose-contact, tongue-contact,
   body-contact, intellect-contact. This is called contact.
   "And what are the six sense media? These six are sense media: the
   eye-medium, the ear-medium, the nose-medium, the tongue-medium,
   the body-medium, the intellect-medium. These are called the six
   sense media.
   "And what is name-&-form? Feeling, perception, intention,
   contact, & attention: This is called name. The four great
   elements, and the form dependent on the four great elements: This
   is called form. This name & this form are called name-&-form.
   "And what is consciousness? These six are classes of
   consciousness: eye-consciousness, ear-consciousness,
   nose-consciousness, tongue-consciousness, body-consciousness,
   intellect-consciousness. This is called consciousness.
   "And what are fabrications? These three are fabrications: bodily
   fabrications, verbal fabrications, mental fabrications. These are
   called fabrications.
   "And what is ignorance? Not knowing stress, not knowing the
   origination of stress, not knowing the cessation of stress, not
   knowing the way of practice leading to the cessation of stress:
   This is called ignorance.
   "Now from the remainderless fading & cessation of that very
   ignorance comes the cessation of fabrications. From the cessation
   of fabrications comes the cessation of consciousness. From the
   cessation of consciousness comes the cessation of name-&-form.
   From the cessation of name-&-form comes the cessation of the six
   sense media. From the cessation of the six sense media comes the
   cessation of contact. From the cessation of contact comes the
   cessation of feeling. From the cessation of feeling comes the
   cessation of craving. From the cessation of craving comes the
   cessation of clinging/ sustenance. From the cessation of
   clinging/sustenance comes the cessation of becoming. From the
   cessation of becoming comes the cessation of birth. From the
   cessation of birth, then aging & death, sorrow, lamentation,
   pain, distress, & despair all cease. Such is the cessation of
   this entire mass of stress & suffering."
   Revised: Tue 14 November 2000

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