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alt.magick Golden Dawn REFerence file

Newsgroups: alt.magick,alt.magick.tyagi,alt.magick.order,alt.answers,news.answers
Subject: alt.magick Golden Dawn REFerence file 
Summary: This is a REFerence file for the alt.magick newsgroup.  As such
	 it constitutes an attendant file to the alt.magick FAQ, which is
         intended as an introductory file and its content may be discussed
         within the alt.magick.* contellation.  The FAQ is available at:
         ftp://ftp.hollyfeld.org/pub/Esoteric/Usenet/Magick/FAQ.amagick.9604
X-URL: http://www.hollyfeld.org/~tyagi/amgkfaq.html
Keywords: hermeticism golden dawn mason rosicrucian templar order 
Supercedes: 9510
References: ftp://www.hollyfeld.org/pub/Esoteric/Web/Amgkfaq/
From: tyagi@houseofkaos.abyss.com (tyaginator)
Reply-to: tyagi@houseofkaos.abyss.com (tyaginator)

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From: CRANMER@brivs2.bartol.udel.edu (Steven Cranmer)
To: alt.magick,alt.magick.tyagi
Date: 12 Feb 1995 22:07:13 GMT

Avete, Fratres et Sorores!

Here is the latest version of the Golden Dawn FAQ.  As always, any and
all comments or corrections are welcome!

Changes since last month:  Just minor ones.  David Cherubim's "new
            and improved" Thelemic Golden Dawn is listed (without the
            product advertisements!).  Some email addresses have been
            updated.


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       THE GOLDEN DAWN:  FREQUENTLY-ASKED QUESTIONS AND RESOURCE LISTS

                          Version 3.1, February 1995
        Copyright Steven R. Cranmer, 1995 (cranmer@bartol.udel.edu)

  The author grants the right to copy and distribute this file, provided
  it remains unmodified and original authorship and copyright is retained.
  The author retains both the right and intention to modify and extend
  this document.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS:

(PART 1/3)

  I.  Frequently-Asked Questions (FAQ)

   1. What is the Golden Dawn?
   2. Is the Golden Dawn a religion?
   3. Is the hierarchy of grades merely a ruse to empower the "enlightened?"
   4. Are Golden Dawn Temples still active?  How can I become a member?
   5. How is the Golden Dawn connected with the Rosicrucians?
   6. Who was Israel Regardie?
   7. What connection did Aleister Crowley have with the Golden Dawn?

(PART 2/3)

   8. How do I get started?

 II.  A Brief History of the Golden Dawn

(PART 3/3)

III.  List of Active Golden Dawn Temples and Related Organizations

 IV.  Useful References

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I.   Frequently-Asked Questions (FAQ)
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1.   What is the Golden Dawn?

The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn is an initiatory society devoted to
spiritual, philosophical, and magical development.  To quote its "history
lecture," (from I. Regardie's book, _The_Golden_Dawn_),

         "The Order of the G.D. [Golden Dawn] is an Hermetic 
          Society whose members are taught the principles of 
          Occult Science and the Magic of Hermes."

Started in London in 1887 by three British Freemasons, Dr. William Robert
Woodman, Dr. William Wynn Westcott, and Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers,
the first Temple of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, with the title
"Isis-Urania," began to admit Fratres and Sorores in 1888.  For the
next two decades, they generated a body of esoteric knowledge unparalleled
to this day.  Traditions as seemingly different as Chaos Magick and Gard-
nerian Wicca have roots in the Golden Dawn, and it has influenced scholars
(e.g., A. E. Waite) and poets (e.g., W. B. Yeats) alike.

The Golden Dawn "system of magic" is a tool designed to educate the student
of the esoteric in both practical matters of ritual and divination, and in
abstract metaphysical ideas.  The focus of the Golden Dawn material is 
primarily Western -- i.e. Judeo-Christian, Greek, and Egyptian -- but some
Eastern ideas have crept in over the years.  It is a "hierarchical" or
"matricular" system, in that certain information is reserved for students
who have passed beyond a certain point in their occult education.  The
system of grades is as follows (along with their correspondences with the
classical elements, the seven ancient planets, and the ten sephiroth of
the Jewish Kabbalah), with the student beginning at the top:

               NAME        ELEMENT    PLANET        SEPHIRA

     0=0   Neophyte          ---       ---            ---
     1=10  Zelator          Earth      ---      Malkuth, Kingdom
     2=9   Theoricus        Air      Moon       Yesod, Foundation
     3=8   Practicus        Water    Mercury    Hod, Splendour
     4=7   Philosophus      Fire     Venus      Netzach, Victory
     5=6   Adeptus Minor    Spirit   Sun        Tiphareth, Beauty
     6=5   Adeptus Major     ---     Mars       Gevurah, Might
     7=4   Adeptus Exemptus  ---     Jupiter    Chesed, Mercy
     8=3   Magister Templi   ---     Saturn     Binah, Understanding
     9=2   Magus             ---       ---      Chokmah, Wisdom
     10=1  Ipsissimus        ---       ---      Kether, Crown

The grades of Neophyte through Philosophus comprise the First, or Outer
Order.  A grade called the "Portal" comes between 4=7 and 5=6, and this
contains some very powerful symbolism on the transition between the
Outer and Inner "Mysteries."  The three Adept grades comprise the Second,
or Inner Order (Roseae Rubae et Aureae Crucis), and are normally only
open to those who pass rigorous examinations and are chosen on other 
qualifications.  The final three grades (which refer to the "Supernal"
sephiroth) comprise the Third, or Hidden Order of Masters.  There is
considerable disagreement among Order sources as to whether living human
beings can attain these final mystical grades (not unlike the Bodhisattvas
of Buddhism, it seems).

Please note that the above is just a brief summary, and that many details
have been omitted for the sake of clarity.  For more information, see
just about any of the books listed in the Reference section (IV), or
email me at the address listed at the beginning of this FAQ.

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2.   Is the Golden Dawn a religion?

Definitely not.  Although religious and metaphysical concepts are the focus
of much Order work, "there is nothing contrary to your civil, moral, or
religious duties" (to quote the Neophyte initiation ceremony) in any oaths
or Order matters.  This is a landmark that seems to have been passed down
from Freemasonry, one of the primary sources of Golden Dawn material.
However, an overall notion of religious tolerance pervades the Golden
Dawn, for one is also reminded (in the same ceremony), to "Remember that
you hold all Religions in reverence, for there is none but contains a Ray
from the Ineffable Light that you are seeking."

For those who would decry all things "occult" as Satanic and/or pagan, know
that the higher degrees of the Golden Dawn seem to grow more and more
Christian in character as one climbs the hierarchy of grades.  The influence
of the Rosicrucians, a mystical/mythical Christian organization dating from
the 17th Century, is strong indeed (see Question 5).  For those who shy 
away from the often-overbearing aegis of Christendom, don't despair, as there
is enough symbolism present in Order rituals and teachings to satisfy nearly
any taste.  Jewish Kabbalah, Islam, the Egyptian and Greek Mysteries, and
even the Celtic mythos, have all been integrated into Golden Dawn work at
one time or another.

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3.  Is the hierarchy of grades merely a ruse to empower the "enlightened?"

Well, even Magical Orders are made up of human beings, and some inevitably
take advantage of the "faithful."  This can come in many guises:  expensive
dues for a trickle of information, out-and-out lies about magical powers or
ancient sources, forced therapy before advancement, uncomfortable initiations,
or expulsion if one holds a differing viewpoint.  As always, place your
_caveat_ firmly in your _emptor_ before taking any action.

However, the concept of the hierarchy of grades has its definite merits.
First of all, consider the parallels with education in general.  One must
first learn ones' alphabet before learning to read; and learn to read before
understanding _Tom_Sawyer_, let alone _Finnegan's_Wake_.  Also, training in
magic necessarily involves an exploration of different modes and areas of 
ones' own consciousness, the experiencing of which can very well be
jolting, frightening, or life-threatening.  Some aspects of the psyche
are best left unexplored until one develops the tools and stamina necessary
for the journey.

The issue of secrecy is an F.A.I. (Frequently Argued Issue) on the Usenet
news group alt.magick, and for the most part, most of the original Golden 
Dawn "secrets" have already been (or are in the process of being) published.
However, it still comes up often enough to address a few points.  Why keep
certain things secret, you may ask?  Well...

(a) It is worth it *not* to have everything handed to you all at once.
    Whether it is working out physics problems, or reading an Agatha
    Christie mystery novel, skipping to the end for the "answers" takes
    something away from the experience.

(b) Many posit the existence of a "Group Mind" which can develop in some
    seriously-minded associations of individuals.  "Secrecy" here is just
    an outgrowth of simple privacy, committment, and integrity among a
    closely-knit group of people, who don't want their business known by
    the entire world.

(c) One must differentiate between information and knowledge.  There is
    a huge difference between the basic facts of a craft (which can be and
    are set down in books) and the actual skills that people develop from
    accumulated experience (which usually cannot even be expressed in
    concise words, let alone written down).  I think many would agree,
    to use Colin Low's analogy, that a "Do It Yourself Brain Surgery" book
    would be a bad idea.  The knowledge isn't really a *secret*, but it's
    certainly not available for everyone's immediate use, either.

(d) Finally, there is the simple fact that there are probably plenty of
    narrow-minded people out there who would seek to persecute "those
    strange Golden Dawners" if they happened upon, and misunderstood, 
    some tidbit of information taken out of context.

All things considered, however, secrecy is something which should certainly
be left up to each individual.  To quote alt.magick's resident terminator,
Tyagi Nagasiva (Tyagi@HouseOfKaos.Abyss.com), "There are very many good
reasons for secrecy, and very few for requiring it."

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4.  Are Golden Dawn Temples still active?  How can I become a member?

Yes, there are Temples still thriving, from the U.S.A. to New Zealand.
See Part III, List of Active Golden Dawn Temples and Related Organizations,
below.

Becoming a member of a magical order, however, is something that should not
be taken lightly.  I wish I could reprint Donald Michael Kraig's article
"So you want to join a Magical Order..." from _The_Llewellyn_New_Times_ 
(May-June 1992, no. 923), which lays out many of the pros and cons.  A few
things to note, however:

(a) Don't count on having "secrets" revealed to you.  Ninety-nine percent
    of them are already published, in some form, somewhere.

(b) The symbols and metaphors used by a particular group or tradition may
    not "work" for you.  Even different "Golden Dawn" groups vary in their
    focus or underlying worldview, and many have altered or expanded upon
    the original (19th century) G.D. material.  Don't confuse the map --
    the association of individuals -- with the territory -- the system of
    symbol and ritual.

(c) Listen to your common sense!  If something doesn't feel right to you,
    by all means don't do it.  Not everyone seems meant to work within
    an Order -- possibly you can do better, and create something new!

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5.  How is the Golden Dawn connected with the Rosicrucians?

The Order itself claims a descent (in spirit if not a direct lineage)
with the Rosicrucians, a mystic Christian organization that may, or may
not have "existed" in the strictest sense of the word.  A short history
of Rosicrucianism in in order.

In about the year 1610, an anonymous document entitled "Fama Fraternitatis
of the Meritorious Order of the Rosy Cross" was distributed among German
occultists, and was printed at Cassel in 1614.  It describes the founding
of a secret order of enlightened learning in the Hermetic and Christian
mysteries.  The (mythical) life story of the founder, C.R.C. (Christian
Rosenkreutz) is related, as well as the discovery of his wondrous tomb
centuries later.  A second manifesto, "Confessio Fraternitatis" (1615),
describes the Rosicrucian Order in more detail, and firmly takes sides
against the Papacy.  A third document, "The Chymical Wedding of Christian
Rosenkreutz," is an interesting alchemical fantasy, probably written by
Lutheran pastor Johann Valentine Andreae in his impetuous youth, but
with little to do with the previous documents.

The publication of these documents met an eager public, and many pub-
lished their scholarly and religious "credentials" hoping to get noticed
and chosen for membership.  After about twenty years, however, this
fervor seemingly died down.  It wasn't until the late 1600's and early
1700's that hints of Rosicrucianism began to reappear, and the Rosicru-
cian egregore seemed to find a home in Freemasonry.  From England to
Russia, Masonic/Rosicrucian groups flourished in the late 1700's, and
the most well-known were the Gold- und Rosen-kreutzers in Germany.
Again, however, this activity seemed to fade into the background until
the late 1800's, with the popular revival of esotericism and the occult
in England.  The Masonic _Societas_Rosicruciana_ described below (Part
II) was the immediate precursor of the Golden Dawn, but no known direct
connection is known with the original 17th Century Rosicrucians.

In the 20th Century, there has been a virtual explosion of groups claiming
the Rosicrucian mantle, and it is quite wisely that the Adeptus Minor of
the G.D. is warned to be wary of "strangers" claiming to be members of
the Rosicrucian Order.  Of particular note is the San Jose, California
based group A.M.O.R.C. (Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis), which,
despite their claims of ancient lineage, were a relatively recent devel-
opment.  Also, despite a very nice museum and bookstore, they seem to
have little else to offer that cannot be found elsewhere.  This author
agrees with Paul Foster Case's assessment that the "True and Invisible"
Rosicrucian Order is a shared "state of mind," not an actual organized 
society.  Thus, any historical links between Rosicrucianism and the Golden
Dawn seem to be much less important than the fact that many members of the
G.D. have been and are in touch with the "soul" or egregore of the Rosy
Cross.

Ex Deo nascimur, in Jesu morimur, per Spiritum Sanctum reviviscimus.

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6.   Who was Israel Regardie?

Dr. Francis Israel Regardie (17 Nov 1907 - 1985, motto "Ad Maiorem Adonai
Gloriam," or "To the greatness of the Lord") was a relative latecomer in 
the Golden Dawn, joining Felkin's Hermes Temple of the Stella Matutina in
about 1934.  He is most infamously known for publishing _The_Golden_Dawn_ 
a few years later, thereby breaking his oath of secrecy.  Every Order ritual,
from 0=0 to 5=6, was included, along with many of the original "knowledge
lectures" and "flying rolls" (instructional manuscripts) written by Mathers
and Westcott.

Although initially spurned by his G.D. peers, lately Regardie has been
seemingly vindicated.  The publishing of the Order material in a relatively
complete form has certainly kept the Golden Dawn from being lost to the
mists of time.  Many of the modern G.D. Orders claim an "apostolic suc-
cession" through Regardie, so it seems he has been sufficiently forgiven.
During the last few years of his life, he "authorized" a few different
groups to carry on his work, but it seems that some of these groups have
taken to claiming "bigger pieces of the pie" when it comes to authority and
lineage.

Recently, Regardie's role in the propagation of Golden Dawn documents has
been called into question.  Bill Heidrick (bheidrick@aol.com), the Grand
Treasurer General of the O.T.O., wrote on April 14, 1994:

  "Regardie's _Golden_Dawn_ was a joint enterprise between Israel 
   Regardie and Gerald Yorke.  Yorke supplied the materials, as 
   Francis (I.Regardie) told me himself.  Yorke had warning from
   his family as far back as the days of Equinox Vol.I never to
   allow publicity of his connections with either Crowley or the
   Golden Dawn.  This is not surprising in that the family was and
   is not very far removed from the succession to the British throne.
   When _G.D._ was to be published this ban was serious enough for
   Gerald to act as a silent partner and unannounced co-author with
   Francis.  Toward the end of his life Gerald did relax his privacy
   a little, to the extent of taking an occasional "bow" in print 
   and supporting Ellic Howe with an intro to _The_Magicians_of_the_
   _Golden_Dawn_.  The largest public collection of Golden Dawn and
   Crowley MSS is the Yorke collection in the Warburg Institute at
   the University of London.  That is Gerald's collection, fortified
   with materials provided by Karl Germer."

Yorke's contribution to Regardie's later book _The_Complete_Golden_Dawn_
_System_of_Magic_ seems evident, but it is difficult to assess his impact
on the earlier published materials.  Regardie certainly experienced the
initiation ceremonies up to 5=6 at the Hermes Temple, and went through a
certain amount of angst at breaking his oaths for the greater good.

Some claim that Regardie, later in life, attained the higher degrees of
6=5 and 7=4, and was glad to finally receive true initiation (contrasted
to the ceremonies of the "Inepti" at Hermes Temple).  Harvey Newstrom
(hnewstrom@hnewstrom.ess.harris.com), a member of the Hermetic Order of
the Golden Dawn that Regardie sponsored in the 1980's, wrote on April 18,
1994:

  "Regardie was given a certificate of 6=5 after visiting New 
   Zealand.  This was an honorary degree that was intended to show
   respect and affirmation of Regardie's work.  Regardie was not
   a member of the New Zealand branch of the G:.D:., he did not 
   study from them, he did not undergo examination from them nor
   did he demonstrate the completion of the requisites for that 
   level.  Most importantly, Regardie still maintained the title,
   signatures, magical insignia, and other ensigns of office as
   appropriate for his actual level.  He never upgraded his own 
   assesment to claim any higher degrees.  After Regardie's death,
   the New Zealand group also sent a 7=4 certificate filled out for
   Regardie.  Dated after his death, this certificate certainly
   was an honorary one."

Patrick Zalewski, in _Secret_Inner_Order_Rituals_of_the_G.D._, claims that
Regardie "...participated in a 6=5 ceremony as one of the Temple Officers"
during his visit to new Zealand in August 1983, but the issue of his
initiatory status is left unclear.

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7.   What connection did Aleister Crowley have with the Golden Dawn?

Edward Alexander (Aleister) Crowley (1875-1947) joined the Isis-Urania
Temple of the G.D. in November of 1898, and quickly advanced to the grade
of Adeptus Minor by January of 1900.  Crowley grew distasteful of the
pretentious dealings between many of the members, and of the fact that
many were initiated for no other reason than their "worldly prosperity."

I quote from his "history lection" (with the line numbers removed for
readability) from Liber LXI vel Causae A.'.A.'. :

  "In 1900 one P., a brother, [Crowley, "Perdurabo"] instituted a 
   rigorous test of S.R.M.D. [Mathers] on the one side and the Order 
   on the other.  He discovered that S.R.M.D., though a scholar of 
   some ability and a magician of remarkable powers, had never attained
   complete initiation:  and further had fallen from his original place,
   he having imprudently attracted to himself forces of evil too great
   and terrible for him to withstand.  The claim of the Order that the
   true adepts were in charge of it was definitely disproved.  In the
   Order, with two certain exceptions and two doubtful ones, he found
   no persons prepared for initiation of any sort.  He thereupon by
   his subtle wisdom destroyed both the Order and its chief."

While the last statements certainly aren't true (both the G.D. and Mathers
long surviving Crowley's defection), it certainly sheds light on the "birth"
of the Golden Dawn's first "pseudo-messiah," as Gerald Yorke termed Crowley.

Crowley's subsequent magical work, too lengthy to describe completely
here, was a unique and singular accomplishment.  His reception of _Liber_
_AL_vel_Legis_ in Cairo in 1904 marked the beginning of a "new aeon" of
the world, and of the religion/philosophy of Thelema.  The details of
ritual and magical doctrine that Crowley continued to propagate, however,
were intimately connected with his beginnings in the Golden Dawn.

The two primary esoteric Orders which Crowley either created or placed
his unique imprint upon are the A.A. and the O.T.O. (Ordo Templi Orientis).

The A.A., which some claim stands for "Astron Argon," "Aster Argos," or
"Argentum Astrum" (Greek and Latin for "Silver Star"), was Crowley's idea
of the ideal and individualized initiatory regimen.  Most lineages (which
usually are passed down on a one-on-one basis) follow the Golden Dawn-like
grade system and magical/mystical "curriculum" set down in Crowley's "One
Star in Sight," which is in _Magick_in_Theory_and_Practice_.  Also, the
recently-published _Mystical_and_Magical_System_of_the_A.'.A.'._, by James
Eshelman, is a good source of information on this subject (see the Reference
List, Part IV, below).

The O.T.O. was founded in 1895 by Karl Kellner as a concretization of 
various Masonic rites, and also as a vehicle for the teaching of tantric-
based sexual magic.  In 1922, Crowley took over as Outer Head of the Order
(OHO), and modified its focus to conform to his "new aeon" Thelemic revel-
ations.  Although still an initiatory organization, the O.T.O. is concerned 
mainly with the social, economic, and interactive aspects of magic and Thelema,
rather than on presenting an individualized system of spirituality (as is
the regime of the A.A.).  The O.T.O. today is at its largest size ever, with
over 2000 members, and many of the active North American G.D. groups listed
below have some kind of connection with the O.T.O..  Crowley's _Equinox_,
especially the recently-written Volume III, Number 10, is a good reference
for the O.T.O..
===========================================================================


The following is PART 2/3 of the Golden Dawn FAQ.

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8.   How do I get started?

First, there exist various other "getting started" documents on magic
and esoteric spirituality posted to the Usenet newsgroups alt.magick,
alt.pagan, alt.meditation (?), and others, as well as on many Internet
FTP and WWW sites.  Since the suggestions below come from a Golden Dawn
point of view, these other more general documents may also be of interest.

Prior to the publication of most of the Golden Dawn material, the only
real way to "get started" was by petitioning an active Temple, being
accepted, and going through the Neophyte (0=0) initiation ceremony.
While this is still an option, easy access to the bulk of the Golden
Dawn material has opened up other, more solitary avenues of approach.
What follow are two basic techniques (one meditative, one ceremonial)
that have helped many to begin on the road to their "Great Work."

(A)  The Neophyte Meditation

  This exercise in concentration and stilling the mind contains two
  general components -- breathing and visualization -- but some helpful
  hints about relaxation and concentration might be in order first.
  Make yourself comfortable (sit or lay down) and try to relax the body.
  Starting at the feet, clench and release various muscles, and work
  up the body to the head and face.  Think of your warm blood coursing
  through your body, enriching each part as it relaxes.  If you fall
  asleep, that's fine, but you may want to find a better time of day
  to do this.  Breathe from the abdomen, not the chest.

  (i) Rhythmic Breathing:  The "fourfold breath" is suggested for
      beginners:
                    * inhale fully,    while counting 1-2-3-4
                    * hold the breath, while counting 1-2-3-4
                    * exhale fully,    while counting 1-2-3-4
                    * hold the breath, while counting 1-2-3-4

  (i) Visualization:  From the First Knowledge Lecture (cf. Regardie's
      _Golden_Dawn_),

      "Let the Neophyte consider a point as defined in mathematics --
       having position, but no magnitude -- and let him note the ideas
       to which this gives rise.  Concentrating his faculties on this,
       as a focus, let him endeavor to realise the *Immanance* of the
       *Divine* throughout *Nature*, in all her aspects."

      This "primitive point" (in Hebrew, NQVDH RAShVNH) can be fruitfully
      compared to the initial point of the creation of the universe, as
      is described in the _Zohar:_The_Book_of_Enlightenment_ (translated
      below by Daniel Chanan Matt, NY: Paulist Press, 1983):

         "A blinding spark flashed
          within the Concealed of the Concealed
          from the mystery of the Infinite,
          a cluster of vapor in formlessness,
          ...
          Deep within the spark gushed a flow
          imbuing colors below,
          concealed within the concealed of the mystery of the Infinite.
          The flow broke through and did not break through its aura.
          It was not known at all
          until, under the impact of breaking through,
          one high and hidden point shone.
          Beyond that point, nothing is known.
          So it is called Beginning,
          the first command of all."

      A comparison can also be made to various modern scientific theories
      of the "Big Bang," which is thought to have occurred within an
      infinitesimally small point which encompassed all of the present-
      day universe.

(B)  The Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram

  The ritual act of "banishing" stems from an old notion that magic
  must be performed in a purified environment, and that "evil spirits"
  (or undesired "unconscious thought forms") must first be told to
  vacate the premises.  A more recent interpretation is that of de-
  lineating a "sacred space" at the beginning of a ritual, apart from
  the mundane world.  The focus is often on a military-like attention
  to detail, which constructs this impregnable "circle" around the
  magician. 

  The following banishing ritual was given to Neophytes of the Golden
  Dawn, to get them prepared and accustomed to dealing with spiritual
  entities.  It is also an often-used component at the beginning and
  end of many rituals.

  First, perform the Qabalistic Cross:

     Face East, and take a steel dagger in your right hand.  

     Touch your    forehead   , and say . . . ATEH             (Thou art)
     Touch your     breast    , and say . . . MALKUTH       (the kingdom)
     Touch your right shoulder, and say . . . Ve-GEBURAH  (and the power)
     Touch your left  shoulder, and say . . . Ve-GEDULAH  (and the glory)

     Clasp your left hand over your right hand
     hand before you, and say . . . . . . . . Le-OLAM          (for ever)
   
     Turn the dagger upwards, and say . . . . AMEN

  Next, begin to slowly rotate clockwise ("deosil," with the sun), prepared
  to trace a Circle around yourself with the dagger.   First, while facing 
  the East, trace a "banishing pentagram of Earth," in the order 123451:

                                   2
                                4     5
                                 1   3

  and "vibrate" the Hebrew God-name IHVH.

  Rotate clockwise, and face South.  Trace the pentagram, and vibrate ADNI.
  Rotate clockwise, and face West.   Trace the pentagram, and vibrate AHIH.
  Rotate clockwise, and face North.  Trace the pentagram, and vibrate AGLA.

  Rotate clockwise, and come back around to the East.  Upon completing the
  Circle, form a Great Cross (feet together, arms extended horizontally with
  with palms forward), close your eyes, and recite the archangelic powers
  stationed about the Circle:

                   "Before me,         Raphael
                    Behind me,         Gabriel
                    At my right hand,  Michael
                    At my left  hand,  Auriel.

                    Before me flames the Pentagram --
                    Behind me shines the Six-Rayed Star."

  Follow with the Qabalistic Cross again, and you're finished.

  An interesting analysis and interpretation of this ritual, along with
  some personal commentary as to its potential, is given below:

  ---------------------------BEGIN-QUOTATION-------------------------------

  From:       markk@cypress.West.Sun.COM (Mark Kampe)
  Subject:    a lesser banishing
  Newsgroups: alt.magick
  Date:       31 Oct 1994 16:45:34 GMT

  The words are widely known, but it occurred to me that I've never seen 
  a discussion of the melody and harmonies that give them meaning.  Surely,
  like the Tao, "the tune that can be told is not the true tune".  None,
  the less, I thought I would try to describe some of the experiences that
  have accompanied some of my attempts at a LBRP.

  P.S. ... For those who know the words, 
              please sing along, and tell me how the tune works for you.
           For those who have your own tunes, 
              would you consider trying to share one?
           For those who don't haven't tried the song, 
              this may not make much sense at all.
	
  0.    I begin with receptive silence, first bringing the room into 
        order, then bringing my body into repose, then my breathing
	into measured rhythm, and finally my thoughts.  I cannot begin 
        this work until I have ceased doing other things.

  1.    Using my father's dagger I trace the circle, and the cross, 
        addressing myself to the ritual.  It seems a bit like an 
        introduction (to the One "who needs no introduction" :-).  
        The real purpose, however, is to remind me where I am, and 
        why I have come here ... and it does that pretty effectively.  
        Establishing my relationship to the power is indeed an important
        preliminary to the remainder of the ritual.

  2.    Facing the rising sun, I inhale and look for the word that
        brought about the creation.  I gaze through the letters that 
        symbolize the ne-plus-ultra and try to find the sound that
        they represent.  This is the word I need to trigger my own 
        creation today.  When the Yod becomes clear, I am the Heh 
        that receives it, and the Vau they become wells within me,
        giving rise to the Heh that I return to the cosmos, and
        in so doing, animate the first sigil.

        I pause, as the light kindles, to experience the resonance
        between the ultimate power of creation, and the power of
        creation within myself.

  3.    Turning from sunrise to the sun at full Zenith, I reflect on 
        the awesome majesty of creation, and the power that permeates it.  
        As I contemplate the inconceivable wonder of the universe 
        (with all of its myriad worlds and souls), I search for the 
        name of its Lord ... so that I may trace my next sigil in 
        celebration of Hir glory.

        Once again, I pause to wait for the channel to come to
        life and savor my small glimpse of the almighty.

  4.    Turning towards the setting sun, I reflect on the glory
        I have been privileged to behold.  I note my breathing,
        and the implicit continuous prayer it offers in praise to
        the spirit of life.  "Ruach" means both "breath" and "spirit",
        and in our breathing we speak the holy name more perfectly 
        than words ever could.

        I seek to make each breath a more ardent and perfect prayer, 
        and an act of communion.  When my breath has become the
        name of life, I carve a sigil into which that principle can 
        be enshrined, and welcome the spirit of life into my circle.

  5.    Turning to the north, I see nothing, and so confront myself - 
        body and spirit, ego and instrument of divine will, animal 
        and god.  What am I and what am I to become?  How am I to 
        resolve a myriad of aspirations and urges?  The answer is not 
        in allowing myself to become a battleground for a thousand
        balkanized aspects of my own nature.  The answer lies in 
        finding purpose and becoming an instrument of that purpose.

        And so I acknowledge my need, and my inescapable obligation
        to understand and serve the divine will.  As I speak the oath
        that binds me to that will, I carve the sigil that must be
        simultaneously the instrument of my destruction and the key to 
        my salvation.

  6.    Turning again to the rising sun, and standing in the 
        center of these channels, I look forward to find the
        spirit of guidance.  My needs and aspirations have
        been anticipated, and provided for.  I need not want
        for guide or teacher.  I have but to open my eyes and
        see them.

  7.    The power of life swells behind me and within me, 
        compelling me to action and empowering me to achieve.  
        Life is that which does, and that which becomes.  
        I am life, and the power is within me ... or perhaps 
        more properly, I am a manifestation of that power.

  8.    On my right, I reach out to the light that vanquishes all 
        darkness.  I find therein perfection, protection and a power 
        beyond that of life.  I recognize it for what it is.  I 
        recognize that it is always there, and that I can always draw 
        upon it (if I have but eyes to see it).  I open myself to the light.

  9.    On my left, I reach out to a world bathed in divine
        light and see its richness, beauty, and perfection.
        It shames me to recognize how seldom I see the world
        so illuminated, and I am grateful to be reminded again
        of its true nature.

  10.   I stand surrounded by, and attuned to, four open 
        channels for divine energy.  Standing naked in the
        focal point, I reach out, simultaneously, to each.
        As the four streams of light converge in me, each
        carrying its own energy into me, I feel the parts
        of myself that are being brought into resonance.
	
        Finally, like a laser, pumped at the right frequency, 
        I burst forth with a nova-like brilliance, now a source
        of light myself ... and unlike the sigils through which
        this energy was channeled, I am wholely of this world.  
        I am the connection point between heaven and earth.  I am
        the vehicle through which the divine Will achieves worldly
        manifestation.

  ...   Having obtained what I came for, I again affirm/acknowledge
        my relationship to the source.  (I occasionally feel like 
        offering thanks ... but that would be missing the point :-)

  ----------------------------END--QUOTATION-------------------------------

+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
II.  A Brief History of the Golden Dawn
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

The history of the Golden Dawn seemingly begins in 1881, when S. L. M.
Mathers met Dr.'s W. Westcott and W. Woodman, and entered the _Societas_
_Rosicruciana_in_Anglia_, a scholarly group devoted to studying Rosicrucian
and Hermetic topics, open to Master Masons only.  Westcott took young Mathers
under his wing, and Mathers quickly advanced to the top of that organization.

The "magical mottoes" of these three men may provide insight into their
characters.  Mathers took the mottoes "'S Rioghail Mo Dhream," or "Royal
is my tribe" in Gaelic, and "Deo Duce Comite Ferro," or "With God as my
leader and the sword as my companion."  Westcott was known as "Sapere
Aude," or "Dare to be wise," and Woodman was known as "Magna Est Veritas
Et Praevalehit," or "Great is the truth and it shall prevail."

The next key development was in 1887 with the "discovery" of the famous
Cypher Manuscripts.  Whether found in a Masonic library, bought from a used
bookshop, or fabricated whole-cloth by Westcott, these documents contained
summaries of the first five G.D. initiation rituals (0=0 to 4=7).  They were
written in a simple, well-known alphabetic code based on the _Polygraphiae_
of Johann Trithemius, and partial transcriptions have been published in Zal-
ewski's _Secret_Inner_Order_Rituals_of_the_G.D._.  Mathers took to them with
a passion, and fleshed them out into full-blown rituals of ceremonial magic.
Written on the manuscripts was the address of a certain Fraulein Anna 
Sprengel ("Sapiens Dominabitur Astris," or "The wise one will be ruled
by the stars") in Germany, but many believe that Fraulein Sprengel was
invented by Westcott to provide a sense of continental authority and
legitimacy to this material.

Even if not directly German in origin, many of the magical concepts inherent
in the Golden Dawn system were strongly influenced by continental European
sources.  Without a doubt, the works of the esteemed French occultist Eliphas
Levi (1810-1875) were known to the originators of the Golden Dawn system.
Levi's students, such as Stanislas de Guaita, Josephin Peledan, and Gerard
Encausse ("Papus") gathered in societies such as the "Kabalistic Rose+Croix"
and the "Catholic Rose+Croix of the Temple and the Grail."  From the 1880's
to the 1910's, these groups, or Salons, gathered to study ancient texts,
practice magic and meditative techniques, and spread their occult knowledge
to the public.

It was a year later, in 1888, that Mathers, Westcott, and Woodman inaugurated 
the first British Temple, Isis-Urania, and began to admit men and women as
Neophytes.  In 1890, Mathers married Mina ("Moina") Bergson, sister of philo-
sopher and writer Henri Bergson, and in 1892 they moved to Paris. The Ahathoor
Temple was established, and it was not too long after that they clairvoyantly
"brought forth" the Second Order (5=6 to 7=4) rituals and teachings.  Some of
the 5=6 ritual material, however, came from the Cypher Manuscripts (not in-
cluded in Zalewski's transcription).  The first Vault of the Adepti, a
required piece of "scenery" for Second Order rituals, was built in London,
in Thavies Inn off Holborn Circus.

The following list of original G.D. Temples comes from Ithell Colquhoun's
biography of Mathers, _Sword_of_Wisdom_, and seems to be relatively complete.
Any additional information, of course, would be greatly appreciated:

                        ORIGINAL GOLDEN DAWN TEMPLES

1.  Licht, Liebe, und Leben, c1870 (Nuremburg: Fraulein Sprengel) [FICTIONAL?]
2.  Hermanoubis, 1889 . . . . . . . . . . . (Liege: Dr. Thyssen?) [FICTIONAL?]
3.  Isis-Urania, Mar. 20, 1888  . . . . . (London: Westcott, Woodman, Mathers)
4.  Osiris, Oct. 8, 1888. . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Weston-super-Mare: B. Cox)
5.  Horus, Oct. 10, 1888. . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Bradford: T.H. Pattinson)
6.  Amen-Ra, Apr. 14, 1893. . . . . . . . . . . (Edinburgh: J.W. Brodie-Innes)
7.  Ahathoor, Dec. 3, 1893. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Paris: S.L.M. Mathers)
8.  Ihme, c1895 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Boston?)
9.  Themis, c1895 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Philadelphia?)
10. Thoth-Hermes, c1895 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Chicago: Mrs. Lockwood)
11. Isis [Alpha et Omega 1], 1900 . . . . . . . . . (W. London: E.W. Berridge)

In 1900, a schism rocked the Order.  Ms. Annie Hornimann, a member of the
Isis-Urania Second Order, led a "revolt" against Mathers, and there was a
bit of litigation concerning the ownership of the temple furniture and other
magical trappings.  Also, many remaining G.D. members were duped by a Mr.
and Mrs. "Theo Horos," American confidence tricksters, and lost a great
deal of money and property.  The Horos couple were convicted of fraud and the
rape of minors in 1901, but the G.D. was dragged through the mud of ignorant
publicity, and was never again the same.  Finally, in 1903, Aleister Crowley,
who previously seemed the "magical heir apparent" to Mathers, defected to
form his own organizations.  In 1909, Crowley published G.D. rituals and
doctrine in his _Equinox_, but its limited readership precluded the kind
of impact that Regardie's subsequent publishing efforts produced.

With the "golden age" of the G.D. over, its members went their myriad ways.
The Golden Dawn work, however, has been continued by many groups.  Most
noticeably, there was the _Stella_Matutina_, and its varied offshoots,
inaugurated by Dr. Robert William Felkin ("Finem Respisce," or "Have re-
gard to the end"), and continued in an unbroken line until as late as
the 1970's.  Also noteworthy is the contribution of Violet Mary Firth
(Dion Fortune; from "Deo Non Fortuna," or "God, not chance"), who formed
the Fraternity (later, Society) of the Inner Light, which functioned for
many decades as an alternative, but closely-related, group.  

What follows is a far-from-complete listing of these succeeding organiz-
ations, mostly culled from Colquhoun's _Sword_of_Wisdom_.  Note that the 
list ends near the beginning of the 1970's.  Most likely, any more recent
groups are listed in Part III, the list of active G.D. groups, below.

         SELECTED OFFSHOOTS, VARIANTS, AND CO-INFLUENCED GROUPS

 The Sphere, c1897. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(London: Florence Farr)
 Herm. Soc. of the Morgenrothe, 1902. .(London: Felkin, Brodie-Innes, Bullock)
 Order of Light, 1902 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Bradford: T.H. Pattinson)
 Stella Matutina (S.M.) [Amoun], 1903 . . . . . . . . . .(London: R.W. Felkin)
 Holy Order of the G.D., 1903 . . . . . .(London: A.E. Waite, Blackden, Ayton)
 A.'.A.'. (Astron Argon), c1907 . . . . . . . (London: A. Crowley, G.C. Jones)
 Zos Kia Cultus, c1910. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (London: A.O. Spare)
 Smaragdum Thalasses/Whare Ra (S.M.), 1912. . . . . (New Zealand: R.W. Felkin)
 Ordo Templi Orientis [orig. c1895], 1912 . . . . . . . . (London: A. Crowley)
 Alpha et Omega 2 (Northern), 1913. . .(Edinburgh & London: J.W. Brodie-Innes)
 Cromlech [Solar Order], 1913 . . . . .(Edinburgh & London: J.W. Brodie-Innes)
 Hermes (S.M.), 1916. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Bristol: R.W. Felkin)
 Merlin (S.M.), 1916. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(London: R.W. Felkin)
 Secret College in London (S.M.?), 1916 . . . . . . . . .(London: R.W. Felkin)
 Guild of St. Raphael, 1916 . . . . . . . . . . . (London: Felkin & Roseveare)
 Fellowship of the True Rosy Cross [Salvator Mundi], 1916 (London: A.E. Waite)
 Shrine of Wisdom, c1916. . . . . . . . .(Hermon Hill, N. London: A.E. Waite?)
 Nuada (Druid Order), c1916 . . . . . . . . . . (Clapham, London: G.W.M. Reid)
 Alpha et Omega 3 (Southern), 1919. . . . . . . . . . . (London: M.M. Mathers)
 School of Ageless Wisdom, c1920. . . . . . . . . . . .(Chicago: Paul F. Case)
 Fraternity/Society of Inner Light, 1922. . . . . . . . (London: Dion Fortune)
 Guild of the Master Jesus, c1925 . . . . . . . . . . . (London: Dion Fortune)
 Hermanoubis, c1930 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Bristol: ?)
 Universal Order, c1935 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(London & Brook, Surrey: ?)
 Builders of the Adytum, [orig. c1920], c1937 . . .(Los Angeles: Paul F. Case)
 Order of the Morning Star, c1945 . . . . . . . . . . . (London: M. Montalban)
 Gardnerian Wicca, c1952. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (London: G.B. Gardner)
 Order of the Cubic Stone, 1965 . . . . . . . . . (Wolverhampton: H.T. Howard)
 Order of the Sacred Word, c1967. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(London: R. Hunt)

==============================================================================


The following is PART 3/3 of the Golden Dawn FAQ.

+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
III. List of Active Golden Dawn Temples and Related Organizations
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Notes:

(a) I am not in any way affiliated with any of these organizations.  This
    information comes from advertisements in various esoteric publications
    and personal correspondence.  Many of these organizations charge a 
    great deal of money for their teachings, and I am in no way condoning
    that practice.  I'm just providing the information.

(b) I am greatly indebted to the following individuals for providing a
    great deal of useful information about many of the Orders listed
    below.  Much of the detail in the listings (and elsewhere in this FAQ)
    is attributable to their diligent detective work.

     * Christopher Ward    (cward@think.com)
     * Richard Newsome     (newsome@panix.com)
     * Baird Stafford      (bstafford@bstafford.ess.harris.com)
     * Harvey Newstrom     (hnewstrom@hnewstrom.ess.harris.com)
     * Richard Leo Stokes  (rs8256@ehsn10.cen.uiuc.edu)
     * Luke Roberts        (lr@coventry.ac.uk)
     * Naia Kirkpatrick    (naia@lerc.nasa.gov)
     * Vere C. Chappell    (lvx@netcom.com)
     * Gregory Peters      (suti@crl.com)
     * Bill Heidrick       (bheidrick@aol.com, heidrick@well.sf.ca.us)
     * Alexander Walker    (walkea@rpi.edu)
     * Christeos Pir       (Christeos.Pir@f235.n109.z1.fidonet.org)
     * Lainie Petersen     (phelena@delphi.com)
     * Vivienne O'Regan    (cor@cix.compulink.co.uk)
     * Dora Gyn (QBL)      (mitchell@seas.smu.edu)
     * James A. Eshelman

(c) If anyone has any additional information, or spots any errors in the
    following, please let me know, so we can make this list as complete
    as possible.

I will start this list with a classified advertisement from the Winter
1991 issue of _Gnosis_ magazine, which parallels my own opinions:

   "The Golden Dawn is not a commercial enterprise.  Initiation is not
    for sale.  There are Temples that hold valid initiatory succession
    from the original Mother Temple in London which are quietly doing
    the Great Work.  The Order exists.  When the student is ready, the
    teacher will appear."

Anyway, the following list attempts to be in alphabetic order:

* August Order of Light
  Various Locations, England
 
  [Descended from the original Horus Temple of the G.D. in Bradford,
  England, this group was originally comprised only of members of the 
  Masonic _Societas_Rosicruciana_in_Anglia_, but they currently number
  about 87 men and women.  One of the Temples has a correspondence course,
  but they seem very selective in who participates.  Unlike some other
  G.D. Orders, their "Inner Order" seems to encompass the grades of 8=3
  and above.]

* Builders of the Adytum (B.O.T.A.)
  5101-05 North Figueroa St.,  Los Angeles, CA  90042  TEL (800)-255-0041

  [Established by Paul Foster Case and/or Ann Davies as an "outer vehicle 
  of the inner school," this group is most probably descended from the
  original (Chicago) Thoth-Hermes Temple, and was originally called "The
  School of Ageless Wisdom."  See Case's _True_and_Invisible_Rosicrucian_
  _Order_, and his other books, for more information.  Free brochure
  available.  Correspondence course.  For the first year or so, one pays
  $10/month, and obtains a self-initiation ritual, seven weeks of instruction
  on "Practical Occultism," then about a year of Tarot instruction.  The
  Tarot material is highly recommended.  If one is near a BOTA Temple or
  Proanos, members can participate in rituals, Temple services, and init-
  iations.  Local study groups are also in many cities.  There is an
  anonymous FTP site for some introductory BOTA materials: ftp.netcom.com,
  in directory: /pub/bo/bota, and a listserv study-group mailing list at:
  bota-l@netcom.com.]

* Church/Brotherhood of Light
  Dept. G - 2341 Coral St.,  Los Angeles, CA  90031-2916  TEL (213)-226-0453

  [Correspondence study available since 1932.  Not really part of the
  G.D. tradition, but related in spirit.  Originated as The Hermetic
  Brotherhood of Light in Scotland in the late 1870's, members such as
  Peter Davidson and "Max Theon" circulated lessons on magic (sexual
  magic in higher degrees) mainly through the mail.  In the 1890's, a
  lodge formed in France which contained many prominent French occult-
  ists.  Also, Davidson moved to Georgia and founded a Christian myst-
  ical community.  In 1915, Elbert Benjamine ("C. C. Zain") came from
  Georgia to California, and assimilated Davidson's material into 210 
  lessons in 22 books, and began the Church of Light in 1932.  Its focus
  is mainly on astrology (the "Religion of the Stars"), but there are
  fifty initiatory degrees as well.  For more details, see an article
  by Joscelyn Godwin in the quarterly journal _Theosophical_History_.]

* Fraternity of the Hidden Light / Fraternitas LVX Occultas (F.L.O.)
  P.O. Box 5094, Dept. S,  Covina, CA  91723,  USA

  [A quality correspondence course, supported by personal (postal and
  email) communication.  A "direct lineal descendant of the Golden Dawn,"
  F.L.O. also assimilates traditions such as B.O.T.A., as well as "new
  revelations from continual research."  Fees and suggested donations are
  said to be very reasonable.  Several Lodges in the USA and Canada offer
  teaching and ceremonial work.  They seem more interested in members'
  personal healing and growth than in more self-aggrandizing matters.
  Lodges in Los Angeles, Dallas, and Toronto.  Christopher Ward (cward@
  think.com) lists himself as a contact for anyone who wants more infor-
  mation.]

* Hermetic Order of the Eternal Golden Dawn
  14050 Cherry Avenue, Suite R-159 - Dept. G,  Fontana, CA  92335,  USA

  [Complete correspondence course available.  Individual guidance, full
  membership if accepted.  Send $3 (checks payable to E.G.D.) for a big 
  information packet with an entrance application.  Contact:  V.H. Soror
  R.D.  Initial dues are $150 (1 year's mailings: $30, dues $65, Neophyte
  initiation fee $55), and an adept is available by phone five days a week
  to answer questions.  Initiations can be done in person or astrally,
  and the study material is said to be very comprehensive.  There is no
  Thelema or sex magic.  The E.G.D. publishes the magazine "The Golden
  Dawn Quarterly," $18/year, as well as the members-only newsletter
  "Tablets of Thoth."  More information can be obtained by calling
  (909)-341-5628 or (310)-289-7214, or via their BBS at (909)-350-4439.]

* Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (and the R.R. et A.C.)

  [Re-inaugurated by Israel Regardie on June 26, 1982 in Athens, GA.
  Regardie had called together three unaquainted fraters and one soror
  who were reviving the G.D. in the United States in the 1970's.  The
  Temple associated with Chic Cicero, "Isis-Urania, No. 18," originated
  in Columbus, Georgia in the late 1970's, and is now in a nearby state.
  Israel Regardie visited, consecrated, and autographed this Temple's
  Vault of the Adepti.  Laura Jennings' Orders may have a similar lin-
  eage.] 

* Hermetic Temple and Order of the Golden Dawn 
  655 East Thunderbird,  Phoenix, AZ  85022,  USA    TEL (602)-246-3546
  Also:  7025 E. 1st Avenue, Suite 5,  Scottsdale, AZ  85251,  USA

  [Affiliated with the Israel Regardie Foundation and New Falcon Public-
  ations.  Christopher Hyatt, President.  Nicholas Tharcher, Vice-President.
  To join, a minimum annual donation of $23 is requested.  Correspondence
  course:  178 lessons in 40 groups, $27.50 per group, $150 for six,
  $265 for twelve, and $695 for all.  Add $3/group for postal charges.]

* Hermetic Temple and Order of the Golden Dawn
  P.O. Box 891,  Baldwin Park, CA  91706-0891,  USA

  [Affiliated with the Israel Regardie Foundation.  Send Self-Addressed
  Stamped-Envelope (SASE) for information about membership, initiations,
  networking, and a correspondence course.  This infomation is from a
  classified ad in the Summer 1993 _Gnosis_ magazine, but there are
  suspicions that this group is actually the *Thelemic* Golden Dawn.
  (see below)  This material may be out of date.]

* Order of the Aurum Solis
  BCM Tessera,  London, WC1N 3XX, U.K.

  [Initiatory organization described in Denning and Phillips' _Magical_
  _Philosophy_ series.  While seemingly related to the Golden Dawn, its
  symbolism is more "Byzantine" than Rosicrucian, although many similar
  traditions (Kabbalah, alchemy, neo-Platonism) are drawn from.  Working
  groups exist in England, continental Europe, and West Africa, and entry
  is currently via invitation only.]

* Osiris, Khenti-Amenti Temple  (G.D.)
  Hollywood, CA  (?)

  [Founded by Laura Jennings and Peter Yorke in 1980.  Inactive?]

* Oxford Golden Dawn Occult Society
  P.O. Box 250,  Oxford,  OX1 1AP,  UK

  [A group which aims to "disseminate authentic information about the
  occult," and which organizes speakers, workshops, and conferences.
  They offer training in Oxford and Exeter for students, have monthly
  meetings, and publish a journal "Nuit-Isis."  Associate membership
  is 5 UK pounds, and details can be found by telephoning Mogg Morgan
  at +44 (0)865 243671.]

* Ra Horakhty Temple  (G.D.)
  31849 Pacific Highway South, Suite 107,  Federal Way, Washington, 98003

  [Founded by Laura Jennings and Peter Yorke in 1983 in Santa Monica, CA.
  In the late 1980's, the Temple was moved to Washington, and most of
  the active members moved as well.  Yearly dues at this time were $250,
  and many additional courses ($40/month) were required.  The sequence of
  classes at this time was:  (1) Introduction, (2) Neophyte Class (basic 
  knowledge lectures, pentagrams), (3) Zelator Class (geomancy, alchemy,
  hexagrams).  Higher grade work was done individually, with $25 for
  information packets and $50/hour consultations.  Tarot and Pathworking
  classes were also offered.  Now, correspondence courses and seven-day
  "magical retreats" are offered.]

* Servants of the Light
  P.O. Box 215,  St. Helier,  Jersey (Channel Islands), U.K. JE4 1AB

  [Descendant of Dion Fortune's Society of the Inner Light.  Dolores
  Ashcroft-Nowicki, Director of Studies (she succeeded W.E. Butler).
  The fifty-six lesson course (US $10/lesson) is based on Qabalah, the
  Grail Legend, and the Arthurian mythos, and lasts several years.
  Students and graduates of the course may join a Lodge in Atlanta,
  Denver, or Vancouver BC (and soon one in the Northeast US).  The
  SOL is non-profit, and publishes its own Tarot deck and a House
  magazine.  They also hold several expensive seminars/retreats (see
  large advertisements in _Gnosis_ magazine).  Email contacts are
  Peter Cawley (UF593@freenet.victoria.bc.ca) and Fran Keegan
  (fkeegan@erc.cat.syr.edu).]

* Society of the Inner Light
  38 Steele's Road,  London  NW3 4RG,  U.K.

  [Continuation of Dion Fortune's Society of the Inner Light.  Still
  active and continuing to provide a correspondence course.]

* Star & Cross
  P.O. Box 25541,  Dallas, TX  75225,  USA

  [Home study course:  Dion Fortune's inner teachings, "Western Tradition
  of the Mysteries."  Rumored to have a strong emphasis on Jungian psych-
  ology.]

* Temple of Thelema
  222 North Manhattan Place,  Los Angeles, CA  90004  (Harpocrates Temple)
  P.O. Box 415, Oroville, CA  95965                   (Nuit Mother Temple)
  945 Taraval Street, #216, San Francisco, CA  94116     (Babalon Proanos)
  680 Queens Quay, #704, Toronto, ONT  M5V 2Y9  (Star of the North Temple)
  P.O. Box 441474, Indianapolis, IN  46244             (Ruby Star Proanos)

  [This group, also an outer vehicle "in the service" of Crowley's A.A.,
  was founded in 1989 by Jim Eshelman, Phyllis Seckler, and Anna-Kria King.
  Updated to conform to the Law of Thelema (and claiming that the Book of
  the Law is the "true Book T"), the Temple of Thelema is the ceremonial and
  initiatory vehicle of the College of Thelema, which was founded in 1973
  by Phyllis Seckler (Soror Meral).  C.O.T. shares the contact addresses
  given above, and also publishes a bi-annual magazine called _In_the_Con-
  tinuum_.  T.O.T.'s innovations to the G.D. system are substantial, as 
  they can be utilized as "lower octave" introductions to the A.A., but 
  they do conform to the original formulae of the Cypher Manuscripts.]

* The Thelemic Golden Dawn (Novus Ordo Aurora Aureae)
  1626 N. Wilcox Ave., no. 418, Los Angeles, CA  90028, USA

  [A quasi-G.D. organization based mainly on Crowley's religion of Thelema.
  No longer affiliated with New Falcon Publications or the Israel Regardie
  Foundation, there is no charge for courses or initiations.  Services
  offered include group and self initiations, classes, correspondence
  lessons, newsletters, and various tools and products.  Many of their
  online manifestoes and rituals (archived on various FTP and WWW sites)
  may be out of date.  Frater Superior Chief: David Cherubim (David.
  Cherubim@f943.n102.z1.novanet.dpcsys.com).]

* Themis Aurea Temple  (G.D.)
  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,  USA

  [A descendant, in spirit if not directly, of the original Themis Temple
  and of the Masonic _Societas_Rosicruciana_ in America.  Possibly inaug-
  urated by Charles E. Meyer, a Philadelphia piano maker.  Rumored to
  have modified and/or combined the rituals of Freemasonry and the G.D.,
  as well as followed in some of the traditions of the various Rosicrucian
  groups to have resided in the Philadelphia area.  More information on
  this manifestation of the Golden Dawn as it comes in.]

* Thoth-Hermes Temple  (G.D.)
  Wellington, New Zealand

  [Founded by Patrick and Chris Zalewski around 1980 to succeed Whare-Ra.
  One can contact Pat Zalewski c/o Llewellyn World Wide, P.O. Box
  64383-873,  St. Paul, MN 55164-0383,  USA.]

+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
IV.  Useful References
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Case, Paul Foster. _The_True_and_Invisible_Rosicrucian_Order_ (York Beach,
  Maine: Samuel Weiser), 1985.

Cicero, Chic, and Cicero, Sandra Tabatha, eds. _The_Golden_Dawn_Journal_,
  (St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications):
    Book I:   Divination, 1994.
    Book II:  Qabalah - Theory and Magic, 1994.

Cicero, Chic, and Cicero, Sandra Tabatha. _Secrets_of_a_Golden_Dawn_Temple_
  (St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications), 1992.

Colquhoun, Ithell. _Sword_of_Wisdom:_MacGregor_Mathers_and_the_"Golden_Dawn"_
  (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons), 1975.   [probably out of print]

Crowley, Aleister.  _The_Holy_Books_of_Thelema_ (York Beach, Maine:
  Samuel Weiser), 1983.

Crowley, Aleister.  _Magick_in_Theory_and_Practice_ (Secaucus, NJ: Castle
  Books), 1991.

Denning, Melita, and Phillips, Osborne.  _The_Magical_Philosophy_ (in 3
  volumes:  I: The Foundations of High Magick, II: The Sword and the
  Serpent, III: Mysteria Magica), (St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications),
  1981.

DuQuette, Lon Milo. _The_Magick_of_Thelema_ (York Beach, Maine: Samuel
  Weiser), 1993.  ISBN 0-87728-778-3.

Eshelman, James A. _The_Mystical_and_Magical_System_of_the_A.'.A.'._
  (Oroville, CA:  College of Thelema), 1993.  

Fortune, Dion. _The_Mystical_Qabalah_ (London: Ernest Benn), 1935.

Howe, Ellic. _The_Magicians_of_the_Golden_Dawn_ (London: Routledge and
  Kegan Paul), 1972.

King, Francis.  _Magic:_The_Western_Tradition_ (London: Thames and Hudson),
  1975.

Levi, Eliphas. _Transcendental_Magic_ (New York: Samuel Weiser), 1970.

McIntosh, Christopher.  _The_Rose_Cross_and_the_Age_of_Reason:_Eighteenth_
  _Century_Rosicrucianism_in_Central_Europe_and_its_Relationship_to_the_
  _Enlightenment_ (Leiden: E. J. Brill), 1992.

Regardie, Israel.  _The_Complete_Golden_Dawn_System_of_Magic_ (Phoenix,
  AZ: Falcon Press), 1984.

Regardie, Israel.  _The_Golden_Dawn_ (St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications),
  1st ed. 1937-1940; 2nd ed. 1969; 3rd ed. 1970; 4th ed. 1971; 5th ed. 1986;
  6th ed. 1989.

Regardie, Israel.  _What_You_Should_Know_About_the_Golden_Dawn_ (Phoenix,
  AZ: Falcon Press), 1985.  Previously published as _My_Rosicrucian_
  _Adventure_ (St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications?), 1936.

Waite, Arthur Edward. _The_Brotherhood_of_the_Rosy_Cross_ (London:
  William Rider and Son), 1924.

Yates, Frances A. _The_Rosicrucian_Enlightenment_ (London: Routledge and
  Kegan Paul), 1972.

Zalewski, Patrick J. _Golden_Dawn_Enochian_Magic_ (St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn
  Publications), 1990.

Zalewski, Patrick J. _Kaballah_of_the_Golden_Dawn_ (St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn
  Publications), 1993.

Zalewski, Patrick J. _The_Secret_Inner_Order_Rituals_of_the_Golden_Dawn_
  (Phoenix, AZ: Falcon Press), 1988.

+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

This document is Copyright (c) 1995, authors cited.

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hereby granted providing that distribution is electronic, no money
is involved, reasonable attempts are made to use the latest version
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authors of the particular articles.

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tyagI@houseofkaos.Abyss.coM (I@AM)

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